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INSURANCE LOSSES/CLAIMS: It has been reported that UAE witnessed, its heaviest rainfall in 75 years from late Monday 15th April till Tuesday night 16th April, the weather department recorded the highest rainfall in Al Ain, reaching 254 mm in less than 24 hrs and this is an exceptional event, various places hit by floods, water logging in major roads, streets inundated by flood waters. Dubai International Airport encountered substantial issues, flooding affected popular shopping centres, vehicles submerged, cars standard etc., Hundreds of tow trucks have been operating on the streets of Dubai and Sharjah, to help motorists to recover their vehicles, either submerged in water or broken down. The Insured Public may lodge their claims and insurance companies will process and settle these claims, subject to policy terms and conditions. Quite often, the Insured Public, Brokers, Insurance companies and Reinsurers may be uncertain on: (A) Policy Coverage (B) Proximate cause and remote cause (C) Extent of damage - Whether it is ‘Total Loss’ or ‘Partial loss’ (D) Under-Insurance (E) Double insurance and Contribution (F) Subrogation / Recovery rights (G) Quantum of loss and Salvage value (H) 72 Hours clause Following are other features, which are associated with specific Insurance or Reinsurance Contracts. (1) Motor Policies: 1. Policy specifically excludes natural disasters such as Flood etc., 2. Parking or Driving the motor vehicle in submerged waters. 3. The vehicle owner or Driver tried to turn on engine but the engine was damaged due to entry of water. No cover is available for Hydrostatic lock or no Engine protect cover. 4. The Motorist intentionally driven the vehicle in Flooded road or failed to avail road-side assistance services. (2) Fire Policies: 1. Claim is under Fire & Allied peril policies, where Flood & Inundation perils are not covered. 2. Breach of Pallet or Stillage warranty. 3. Due diligence – Negligent to protect the insured property or improper maintenance of Drainage / Gutters. 4. Deterioration of Stock. 5. Loss of Profit/Consequential Loss, Denial of Access, Suppliers’ Extension, Public Utilities. 6. Care Custody & Control clause or Goods held in trust. 7. Landlord’s liability. (3) Marine Cargo Policies: 1. Insurable Interest and INCOTERMS 2. Insured against Basic cover - Flood & Inundation perils are not covered. 3. Loss occurred at intermediary storage or termination of transit. 4. Property to be covered under other policies. 5. Breach of warranty- not transported by closed vehicle or not covered by Tarpaulin sheet. (4) Engineering Policies: 1. Temporary Facilities 2. Free issue materials 3. Additional Customs Duty, Debris Removal, Owner’s surrounding properties, Properties under Care & Custody, Offsite storage cover, Cessation of work, Leased equipments, 50:50 clause, Sectional clause, Debris Removal, Dewatering clause, Special condition concerning Flood & inundation. (5) Reinsurance Contract: 1. Cat/Nat XOL Reinsurance contract, retention, limits and territory. 2. 72 hours clause 3. Reinstatement premium Sometimes, there is a very thin line between precautions and unintentional omission, perils covered and exclusions, proximate cause and remote cause, actions within or beyond one’s control, breach of warranty material to the loss or not etc., Obviously, each case has to be decided individually, based on facts and circumstances. ALKAASEB is having insurance expertise and happy to provide legal assistance with insurance advisory consultancy, which includes the interpretation of insurance policies and reinsurance contracts. This will help to comprehend, how disputes may be dealt by the courts, considering the insurance contract.